Billionaire engineer/entrepreneur Elon musk discuses what he sees as the biggest threats to civilisation, key innovations of the future and why we should become multi-planetary. Elon musk is currently (2016) the CEO of SpaceX and Tesla and chairman of SolarCity. 📚 Books on Elon Musk and his favourite books are located at the bottom of the description❗
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3:08 Key innovations for the future
3:59 The future of hi-speed transport
5:25 Becoming multi-planetary
7:33 Evolution on a new plane
8:48 What challenges lie ahead
Elon Musk Books 🇺🇸📈 (affiliate link)
Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future: http://bit.ly/EMuskBook
Elon Musk’s Favourite Books🔥
Structures: Or Why Things Don't Fall Down: http://bit.ly/StructuresEM
Benjamin Franklin: An American Life: http://bit.ly/BFrankBook
Einstein: His Life and Universe: http://bit.ly/EinsteinBookEM
Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies: http://bit.ly/SuperintelligencePDS
Merchants of Doubt: http://bit.ly/MerchantsOD
Original Image Source:http://bit.ly/ElonMuskpic1
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My theory for it being so difficult to leave the earth is that the human genome was banished here. We the most dangerous beings in the Galaxy. Just think we've created communication devices from the manipulation of radio waves. And have the ability of harnessing nuclear power. With no direction or blueprint. We have the tech to destroy planets if we want. That's why we're so far from other life in the solar system. We're the most dangerous.
If you want advice on how to become a billionaire. *Most important thing is being in the right place at the right time if you* If you are on youtube watching this stuff *you will never become a billionaire because real billionaires do not watch these videos.*
If robots with AI are all that is left, and they know how to mine minerals and turn them into metals and components and parts to build new robots....If it is in fact an AI and this is their life cycle, then they'd probably treat the earth better because they would KNOW that they come from the earth and will eventually return to it.
We need to start creating artificial wombs. A place where babies can come to being outside the the female body. It'll be expensive to run but maybe that could work. Also to combat religious extremism we must show contradictions and flaws within religions and create doubt. Doubt is the strongest cure to religious fanaticism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._states_by_educational_attainment Utah is number 9 in Education. However he is correct it does have the highest birth rate per capita (17.2 per 1,000). What he doesn't also take into account is that Utah has the lowest median age in the Country, meaning more "fertile" people to reproduce per capita than any other State. So the argument/theory/stmt between Religion/Education ratio and having many children may not always be true, at least when it comes to developed countries. http://www.businessinsider.com/cdc-states-with-highest-birth-rates-2014-5
I disagree with Musk that a population implosion will be a bad thing. As he claims, which could be statistically and mathematically correct, population might halve at some point towards the end of the century, but that's a very good thing.
Sure there will be hardship and the beginning but - with all the wealth of knowledge that we would have accumulated by then; the endless recourse available (minerals, sun rays, land to grow food and live); having less wars because there is no need to fight over things (like water, land, oil, minerals, religion, land, etc...); earth, animals and humans will eventually be much better off. I just wish I live to see it.
The issues with human society is we cannot strike a balance between what we want to do and what we need to do, as individuals and as a species.
In my opinion if humans are to survive the next 1,000 - 10,000 - 100,000 years, and be able to explore the universe (whether in our organic bodies or using machines - which is more plausible) we should all have one common purpose. we should all focus on science, maths, and physics, chemistry, neurology, logic, engineering, genetics, and medicine etc... rather than on art, literature, money, twitter, politics, religion, wars, our appearance, the latest iPhone, etc...
This way the bright geniuses like Einstein, and promising physicists like Jacob Barnett or neurologists can have all the money they need to get on with their jobs and find the best ways to advance humanity. Also there must be many ingenious people in impoverished areas that could be even better that Stephen Hawking or Mr Musk here, but we'll never know about them because they do not have the access to basic eduction or ways to communicate with the world, or stifled by their cultures. These geniuses could very well be Africans and Arabs, so yes what you said is racist and very dogmatic.
Of course this is very hard to do - when most of us are busy running after unwholesome food to eat, spoiled children to raise, fancy cars to drive, boring pointless jobs to do, corrupt politicians to vote for, useless tweets to follow, uninteresting TV shows to binge-watch, senselessly random sport teams to support, fairy-tale religions to follow and so on.
But of course you cannot tell people what to do, and I don't claim to be doing this. however, the society in general should start giving more attention to scientists and educators rather than to rock stars, football players, actors, social media people, and super models.
The problem is that it isn't so much a population implosion as a population replacement. The population will remain the same or even increase but it will be a different kind of population. We are replacing Europeans with Africans and Arabs. It will end badly just as it did in Haiti, Detroit, Rhodesia and now South Africa.
I agree that an implosion on it's own would be something we could overcome but if trends continue we are doomed. As an analogy, you could kill off all half the tigers in Asia and the population would recover but if you kept bringing lions into tiger territory then eventually tigers would go extinct.
The real problem is that even bringing up the issue is considered racist. We are facing the end of civilization as we know it and yet we are not even allowed to talk about it.
So, in effect, this man is an example of a "super-organism", with all his stammering and nonsensical blabbering and moral edicts which are obsolete . . . then get scared people, get scared and run into a hole in the ground where this fool can't follow.
Elon Musk is wrong.!!! The Human consciousness is not Super - Organism! We are really ALL individuals! We are all individual units and the highest intelligence a unit gets its on the level of understanding things like Einstein or lower level like Neil Tyson! Now the level of understanding of the Google search engine is much bigger than our complete species, simply because we are very loosely connected units.
Yea, we are connected now with the internet and other networks like never before, but this doesn't mean anything. Every 20 years we loose a complete generation of old people and with them we completely loose their consciousness and life of learning. And in 40-to 60 years all of you who read this, will be gone forever too!
Now, how to create AI, is that slowly we got to evolve and merge with machines! So we need to get more memory and bigger level of intelligence than Einstein or Neil Tyson! And that is what Kurzweill proposed and its already being done, until every unit reaches to level of safety and immortality .
Immortality is relative time of 10 000 years! I propose, that we as a BIo-Units, create a back-up of our life -force. The way to do that is to completely isolate our body in safe suit like Ironman just much larger to withstand the trauma force of future fast travel, because in the future everything is fast,baby!
No..Elon Musk is wrong.!!! The birth rate is dependent on: If you are baby, more likely you will survive and have siblings, if your mother,grandmother and aunts are around to help you, feed you, clothe you. Capitalism takes your mom,granma and aunt, they have to work constantly and they still don't have money to feed you, clothe and help you.
So society, give money and time to moms and aunts, and you will prosper!
It has nothing to do with religion or education- it is a cultural thing- if many women around you have time and food around, they will start making a lot of kids! It is like this in Africa, Asia and its not like this in the west because -you are killing your moms and aunts!
+ParkStreetGuy These are demographics that are needed though. I mean the usa needed people so bad that it was economical to enslave people and drag them there. South Africa needed westerners who could industrialize the economy. And America needs as many engineers as they can get,(Elon Musk)
The problem is no nation needs a worthless immigrants from Syria.(just because your people are not making enough babies)
"Has there ever been a case of demographic replacement that didn't turn out to be a complete disaster?"
Would you consider the USA a disaster? Elon Musk himself is an immigrant from South Africa, where there also was an demographic replacement.
Yes let's educate some cats and dogs and pigs while we are at it. That will really solve the problem. Intelligence is a thing mate. Smart people have smart kids and stupid people have stupid kids by in large.
How did the demographic replacement turn out for Rhodesia? Haiti? Detroit? Johannesburg? Has there *ever* been a case of demographic replacement that didn't turn out to be a complete disaster? Now you are advocating that we perform the Detroit experiment on the entire western/European world and cross our fingers that everything will turn out fine!?!?!?! WTF!?!?!?!
+dehim verveen It's way more expensive. That's for sure.
People should stay in the land they were born in, If Europe is taking all the naturally gifted of their country than that just hurts that country and if Europe takes the naturally ungifted of that country than they just come and make the European population dumber.
Interesting that Musk is worried by underpopulation and not overpopulation as most people, some of them quite smart. Maybe their and Musk's ideas annihilate and we get a nice world with fairly stable population :P Jokes aside, I think that might be true and population will stabilize, more or less, during this century.
Yes and no. It is happening the most in white societies but globally birth rates are dropping everywhere IIRC. And as those non-white people come to European countries and become richer in their own countries too it seems that they too will follow similar trends of few births. Eventually the whole world will be in a decline but worse most if not all young people will be tied up looking after their aging parents and grandparents who outnumber them. That is Elon's fear anyway.
Or maybe societies that oppress women like muslims can keep a high number of births and take over. Maybe the whole world realizes its mistake and takes measures to fight population decline. Who knows, that is why we call it the future :P
People need to realize that money = energy. In theory with enough energy you can create virtually everything and technology is quite close to making this true. And on Mars, all of the energy it has is yours. You won't have to share with 7-8 billion people. After the tough, pioneer work is done people on Mars will be very wealthy.
+49fiori It has crashed several times, one of those times it wiped out the dinosaurs. Now, with humans involved, the chance for another crash is bigger than ever. Alot of factors is involved, disease, nuclear war, and global warming is some of them. We could also get a asteroid smashed in our face by outer space. This is just some of the reasons why a backup server is useful.
Look at Earth as a computer/server, with human beings and life in general being the files on that computer. If the first computer crashed, you would be glad you had a backup of those files on another computer/server, which would be Mars.
If we have 1,5 children/woman we are fucked and if we have 2,5 children per woman we are also fucked if we wait long enough.
But I guess a smaller population is a problem that is easier to solve than overpopulation.
smaller populations actually have many advantages.
And it is a vicious cycle in our modern society. Family structures are usually torn apart by economic or educational neccesseties. We spent little time with each other. On the other hand our financial responsibilty for our children lasts until the mid 20s or even longer if they go to University.
Havin Kids just isn´t attractive in our society or hardly possible. But maybe thinks will change when society changes. When most of human work is substituted more efficiently by machines and most people are unemployed, we actually have the time and energy for kids.
You act like things have changed. Was has always been fueled by greed and corruption. Fuck that chivalry bullshit or whatever ideological cause they may have used. That is all just to justify our (Humanities) ancestor's actions.
War is not in decline. Statistically if there was so many wars in last 20 years, so then it will be more wars in the future. The wars are fuelled by money and corruption. And if you notice any corruption around you , you will get troubles and wars eventually.
Every major problem of humanity stems from poor education. The more ignorant a population is the more it will be subject to the whims of whatever demagogue can convince them to work against their self-interests. If a nation's culture prioritizes education over entertainment and provides the means for even the poorest of citizens to get a decent education then people will start collectively addressing the problems of over-/under-population, environmental destruction, religious extremism, political corruption, and even the dangers of artificial intelligence.
Progressive countries need to see educating citizens as an investment in their future. The more educated a group of people becomes, the better they are able to collectively manage problems and proactively drive development and innovation. Go the opposite direction and human social evolution slows to a crawl.
hey Elon if you want more population why don't you loosen up on some of that multi-billion dollars of cash you have horded, and get all of your rich friends to also add some more to the kitty. either the poor need to stop having children or else the rich are going to have to empty out their pockets and start providing more jobs, and/or food stamps for everyone.
+Kurt Coleman Who said anything about slavery i said work with us not for us.And that's very interesting i never tought about it that way,it would be nice if it did think of us as its parents and had affection for us.
+The streetpanda Ideally the machine intelligence will be the child of humanity and very well may think of itself as such. That's being optimistic, not foolish. I think our chances for a good relationship will be improved if we think about it as bringing a child in to existence, rather than creating something intended for perpetual slavery.
You would be absolutely foolish to compare artificial intelligence to children,underestimating it would be one of many things that could make us a thing of the past.As for it leaving the planet,i hope thats the worst that could happen,i wuold prefer having it work with us and thrive on our desire to explore and understand nature.
+The streetpanda Do children often murder their parents when they find out they are not their ideal models? I prefer to think the worst case scenario is the AI exits the planet leaving us behind entirely
Terrible sound quality. What idiot placed the microphones and produced this?
One-sided interview - we could not hear the questions.
Way too long intro with really annoying muzak in it.
Pointless, fashion-centric jump cuts.
All of this detracted from what could have been a great interview.
The only good aspect of this was that Musk was saying interesting things.
Not all religions are bad. In my opinion religion can be a great coping mechanism for humans. It is mostly a good thing. Sadly some evil people use it to try to control the masses and promote their evil agenda.
That is completely wrong. Humans need spirituality to keep us going, it is what makes us dream, hope, it is that feeling of awe at amazing accomplishments. Religion, or more precisely spirituality, is the most human part of us, the emotional part that makes life feel good and makes us strive for more.
I can think of few things more boring than being a perfectly logical being stripped of all emotion (yes, emotion is inherently irrational).
Maybe it won't be a "incense and crusades" religion, maybe that kind of spirituality is bad, but some kind of spirituality should exist. Indeed needs to exist for humans to be humans.
. religion is not inherently bad and to anyone who thinks science can answer everything you've never come to the conclusion that with every discovery more questions are raised than answered. Or that from Newton to Einstein to Godell, most innovative thinker s in history believed in some idea of what they called "God". I think the idea that the two must be exclusive is slowing scientific innovation at the moment. Also without religion we would've never been able to achieve the kind of social stability to have civilization. I agree that the more primitive forms of it should begin being phased out but in all honesty it is. Things just don't move at the rate we envision but rather at what nature dictates. ( i don't care about grammar on youtube lol)
The interactions between the chain of sound compression algorithms has left the voice illegible. How can you make such a poorly produced vid? How can you be so incompetent as to release something this illegible???
I almost always agree with everything Elon Musk says, but the planet is pretty overpopulated right now. That won't be the case if we branch out to other planets, but currently we are stuck here with finite resources. The species are dying around us, the oceans are being poisoned, etc; we might heavily regret these things in the long term. The population is still on the rise at the moment and we have nearly quadrupled in just the last hundred years, the biggest explosion in world history. I think we need to ease back for a bit until we figure out how this will fare for us.
I Googled and checked the numbers, but the growth rate still came out significantly less than I expected. People generally quote an annual growth rate of just under 3%, but the "rule of 72" dictates that a 45 year doubling-time corresponds to a growth rate of less than 2%. That's a highly significant difference. I wonder what the error-bars are on the various population numbers? But I'm not curious enough to do that much research about it.
Yes, because what we really need is for Africans to come in and replace Europeans. It worked out just great in Rhodesia, Haiti, Detroit and Johannesburg. Now let's try it on the entire western/European world. It will work great, trust me.
Yes we are connected.
Are we now, collectively, making better music than Mozart?
Painting better works than Corot, Pissaro, Munch or Van Gogh?
Producing better academic work than Newton, Einstein or Maxwell?
In other words, was Goethe wrong when he claimed that every work of great importance is a work of solitude?
+theTYTAN3 nice try.
Problem is, quality is not entirely subjective.
My argument is that, still to this day, bringing together more people together will not produce better music or art.
And yet those with elevated minds will still continue to think Porter and Mozart is where it's at (or thereabouts).
+Niels Ohlsen There probably won't be another Cole Porter or Mozart.
The Internet has created a system where anyone can find whatever sort of art that appeals to them. As a result art has been focused down to be more appealing to a smaller more specific audience or a very large massive audience.
Modern pop is written to appeal to just about everyone as a result it takes very few risks, and will be forgotten the moment it stops getting radio attention.
The music most people will remember years from now will be something they find themselves through the magic of the internet. Nobody else will care about that music, but they still will. It will be personal to them and likely have a much more profound impact to them then Mozart.
By and large? Yes.
Science in particular is blazing ahead like never before and communication between scientists across the world is a huge part of it (the other part being accumulation of knowledge and how it is all interconnected).
Music and art are also doing great, don't think about Katy Perry, the masses always liked simple stuff and it makes sense, that kind of music is at least pleasing to most people, in essence it is tolerable to the greatest number of people. Meanwhile you have tons and tons of musicians breaking through thanks to the internet, the variety of music has never been greater and among that "hipster" music you can find something for everyone no matter how picky.
And don't even get me started on books, video and other storytelling media. There is such a great variety of new media every year you just can't keep up with it all, let alone catch up with the entire body of human creativity (something that was largely possible one or two centuries ago).
Basically, in the past we had less. Less knowledge, less music (and the capability to hear music, no music players...), less stories to learn about so those things we did have seem that much more monumental both to us and people back then.
+Andrei Brănescu The trends seem to indicate a stabilization of global population rather than an implosion.. and with robots taking over work, and individual lifespans increasing, and everything else on the horizon, Elon's concern about future population demographics seems contradictory
+Danquebec01 In that case, I would have to agree. It will be interesting to see how the occupations will shift to the more artistic side as the technical side and manual labor will be performed more and more by robots.
+Andrei Brănescu I should also note that non-full employment doesn’t have to be “part of the population is always full-time working and another is never working”. It can be a transition to general part-time working, or intermittent full-time working.
+Andrei Brănescu Most of the income today is from capital, not work. It is the capital owners who would logically be the main sources of taxes (if we’re even talking of a capitalist system). What you said about robots “taking jobs” is a trend of that: as work produces more capital, and more rapidly developing capital, it becomes hard to find uses for work.
That a country has almost no welfare is a problem, not the other way around.
I don't fear possible AI very much. It will always need electric energy and computers to exist. So, switch off and disconnect. Will it run under Linux or Windows?? It will need a software platform...
I'm much more afraid about mechanistically thinking geneticists messing up the ecology of our planet! Most geneticists seem to be ecologically illiterate...
+Gaston Alejandro Trivi A lot of people seem to think, an AI is some some kind of all-knowing god. But this is just a fear projected into technology. The designers need to take care, THAT it can be switched off and which information it can access in case something goes wrong.
Multiplanery doesn't solve much. If humans get to the level where travelling to Mars is like travelling a few hundred miles, then we will still fight (human psychology won't change). Instead of wars between countries there will be wars between planets!
For us to survive, the AI would have to be kinder to us than we are to each other. What makes you think an inorganic life-form will have greater empathy for humans than they have for themselves???
Let the old people die off and take advantage of our increased efficiencies and help the developing world slow their birthrates down and help them become efficient and stabilized. I don't see slowing birthrates as a problem. People that want to have children will (unless you live in China) and there are too many people in the world already.
It's impressive to see the large array and seemingly random amount of statistics Elon regularly utilizes. It reasons, this, along with his skill of technological insight into the future, is heavily motivated by a heightened sense of the progression of humanity.
Utopian is looked down upon because of Hollywood and the false crap they portray. With technology we could have a Utopia regardless of what people think will have happen because it will happen anyways.
Again, we will build it anyways....when people have nothing to be upset or angry about the killing will stop. What people miss is the fact that most evil is rooted in scarcity or greed, we must let both go.
+Kira Nightingale We are not anywhere near ready for a Utopian civilization. Technology is not enough. We as people need to progress and become smarter and as I am sure you already know, we are so far away from that.
I have a prediction. Musk's companies no longer get $5 billion in taxpayer money and Tesla and Musk declare bankruptcy. Musk's companies are just a corporate welfare program. Tesla doesn't make a profit and Musk is sucking taxpayer monies.
+t-bird shane The US birth rate is barely at replacement. Almost all of our population growth in America is immigration. Most of the developed world have declining birth rates. It's poor countries with huge birth rates. Like Niger has 6.6 children per woman.
Elon Musk is the real Batman but there's also a real Joker and it will blow people's mind when they find out who he is but I'm sure I know now: he's the guy who murdered Kim Kardashian's father Robert with a CIA cancer weapon in retaliation for his defense of O.J. Simpson. Cancer weapons are a real thing and a lot of people know that Robert Kardashian was probably assassinated with one but while Elon Musk is the real Bruce Wayne the guy who killed Robert Kardashian is most likely the actual real life version of The Joker.
It's difficult to predict what will happen but life should be radically different by the end of this century. Perhaps there will be a population decline. Advancements in robotics and AI have the potential to mitigate the issues with an aging population by replacing a lot of the workforce with robots. Fewer people could support many more in the future, if that's what society wants.
Advancements in biotech/medicine will allow people to stay healthy longer, live longer and retire later.
The lowest standard of living could be decent in developed countries even if most people were too old to work, or were no longer economically "needed" due to the level of automation. Such countries might quickly become more socialist, with machines providing for (at least) all basic needs.
There's already a strong trend of quality education in any subject becoming freely available via the internet, so if more people have time to pursue whatever knowledge they want in the future, that should only accelerate innovation. I guess some people will be always be content to just live on welfare though, even if they have all the means to pursue higher goals.
AI itself doesn't seem like as much of a threat as those potentially wielding its power. Dictatorships based on AI control could be even more ruthless in the future. It's frightening to imagine a military/police state where a few individuals could maintain absolute control with an army of machines. How could a country like China or North Korea ever become democratic with this new level of oppression available? Which lesser developed countries would a guy like Putin just take for his own if he had millions of robotic soldiers?
I think the biggest threat to progress in the near future, though, is the debt-based world economy which will inevitably implode without exponential economic growth.
Exponential growth is difficult to combine with the necessary environmental sustainability, declining resources and decreasing population, so in my opinion it seems unavoidable that we'll have to go through some kind of major world crisis. The question is how long can we go on like we do today? How bad will the chaos be? How will we pick up the pieces and how should we do things differently next time?
Elon sharing some common sense that most people refuse to use, like if you dont have enough kids who's going to take care of you when you're old? We fight our common sense because of our egos. Someone tells us the world is full up, so we adopt that idea then fight anyone who disagrees. When we're at school we can't develop such stubborn ways, we're used to being told we're wrong and fix it.
Anyway, interesting sidenote for Muslims who might be thinking Elon's belief that we should be an interplanetary species is crazy talk: you know that Prophet Muhammad was "a mercy for all the worlds" and he was a guide for humanity, not aliens, so, putting one and one together....
Elon Musk in his book states serious concerns about Artificial Intelligence and how it has kept him up at night many times. He states his concern for Google's Larry Page's experiments with AI and his goal of creating the market for it. Why do Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking and other great minds have such strong concerns for the immersion of AI robots into human society? I guess we will never know until that time comes, likely in this decade or the next.
"Why do Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking and other great minds have such strong concerns for...AI [?]"
Because it is so much smarter than you are! And it will have no logical reason to preserve human life.
+ProPaleo because of the reasons explained here: http://waitbutwhy.com/2015/01/artificial-intelligence-revolution-1.html
Its pretty long, and very well researched. BY FAR the most important thing going on in the world right now.
Download the appropriate system image for your device below, then unzip it to a safe directory.
Connect your device to your computer over USB.
Start the device in fastboot mode with one of the following methods:
Using the adb tool: With the device powered on, execute:
Using a key combo: Turn the device off, then turn it on and immediately hold down the relevant key combination for your device.
If necessary, unlock the devices bootloader using one of the following methods:
If you are updating a Nexus or Pixel device that is manufactured in 2015 or later (for example, a Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P, Pixel, Pixel XL, Pixel 2 or Pixel 2 XL device), run this command:
For Pixel 2: To flash the bootloader, Pixel 2s boot loader must be updated to at least Oreo MR1s version first. This may be done by applying an over-the-air (OTA) update, or sideloading a full OTA with the instructions on that page.
For Pixel 2 XL only with loader version prior to TMZ20a: the critical partitions may also need to be unlocked before flashing. The unlock can be performed with this command, and should NOT be done on other devices:
If you are updating an older device, run this command:
The target device will show you a confirmation screen. (This erases all data on the target device.)
See Unlocking the bootloader for more detailed instructions.
Open a terminal and navigate to the unzipped system image directory.